Nathan ben Jehiel of Rome (Arukh)

(1035-c.1110)
   Italian lexicographer. He was also called 'Baal he-Arukh' after the title of his lexicon. He was taught by his father, the head of the yeshivah in Rome; when his father died, he and his two brothers in turn succeeded him in that office. Nathan's Baal he-Arukh (by which he was sometimes known) is a lexicon of the Talmud and the midrashim.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • NATHAN BEN JEHIEL OF ROME — (1035–c. 1110), Italian lexicographer, also called Ba al he Arukh ( the author of the Arukh ) after the title of his lexicon. Few biographical details are known of him. Some state that he belonged to the de pomis or Delli Mansi family, but the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DANIEL BEN JEHIEL OF ROME — (d. before 1101), rabbinical scholar, elder brother of nathan b. jehiel . On the death of their father, in approximately 1070, he and Nathan became heads of the Rome yeshivah. Daniel wrote responsa, and many of the explanations of words in his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Nathan ben Isaac ha-Babli — Nathan ben Isaac ha Kohen ha Babli was a Babylonian Jewish historian of the 10th century. He was the author of a history of the exilarchate that gives many interesting details in regard to the exilarchs, particularly his contemporary Mar Ukba.… …   Wikipedia

  • ROME — ROME, capital of Italy. The Classical Period THE MIDDLE AND LATE REPUBLIC The earliest record of contact between Jews and the Roman Republic is the embassy sent by judah the Maccabee to Rome, headed by Eupolemos ben Joḥanan, and Jason ben Eleazar …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HANANEL BEN ḤUSHI'EL — (d. 1055/56), scholar, posek, and commentator. Hananel was born in kairouan , the son of Ḥushi el b. Elhanan . The early authorities refer to him as of Rome, lending credence to the suggestion of Italian origin. Like his father, he was accorded… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELIEZER BEN NATHAN OF MAINZ — (known as RaBaN = Rabbi Eliezer Ben Nathan; c. 1090–c. 1170), one of the elders of Mainz and a leading rabbinic authority in Germany in the 12th century. Eliezer was apparently born in Germany and in his youth seems to have studied with rabbis of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BERLIN, ISAIAH BEN JUDAH LOEB — (Isaiah Pick; 1725–1799), rabbi and author. Berlin was known also as Isaiah Pick after his father in law, Wolf Pick of Breslau, who supported him for many years. He was born in Eisenstadt, Hungary, but his father, an eminent talmudic scholar (who …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MENAHEM BEN SOLOMON — (first half of 12th century), author of the midrashic work Sekhel Tov. Menahem s country of origin is unknown. The foreign words in his book are Italian, but it is difficult to establish on this basis that he lived in Italy since he does not… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LARA, DAVID BEN ISAAC COHEN DE — (1602 (1610?)–1674), philologist, lexicographer, writer, and translator. Born in Lisbon (or Amsterdam, or Hamburg), Lara studied at the academy of R. isaac uziel at Amsterdam. He was appointed ḥakham of the Spanish Portuguese community in Hamburg …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MACHIR BEN JUDAH — (first half 11th century), younger brother of gershom b. judah , the Light of the Exile. Machir was the author of Alef Bet de Rabbi Makhir. This work was in the possession of Rashi and the tosafists, who quote from it (Rashi, Gen. 43:11; Pes.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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